Tips and Tricks to Format Your Paper in Chicago Style With Samples

Chicago referencing style is one of the less popular styles in academia. Yet, it is still widely used by scholars & researchers all over the world. The primary document explaining the rules & standards of Chicago style is called “The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition”; it can be downloaded at the organization’s website The manual itself is also available for sale at online bookstores; however, you still can find a great deal of information about this style online.

Note that no matter what type of referencing you have, our service can do the research and reference it according to your specifications. Over the years of successful operation, we have delivered thousands of papers and formatted them according to MLA, APA, Harvard & Chicago styles depending on our customers’ requirements.


Paper. Use standard white A4 paper (8.5″ x11″).

Font. Use a legible font (like Times New Roman), size 12.

Margins. Margins should be from 1″ to 1.5″ inches on all sides.

Page numbering. The title page is not numbered. The next page after the title starts with ‘1’ in the upper right-hand corner. Arabic numerals are used for page numbers; pages are numbered consecutively.

Title Page

Title Page

  1. Type the title of your paper in UPPER CASE.
  2. Place it one-third down from the top of the page (you will need to press Enter 7 times). Center your title.
  3. Hit Enter 8 times.
  4. Type your first name and last name. Press Enter
  5. Type the name of your class. Press Enter
  6. Type the current date.

Here is a sample of an ideal title page, arranged according to Chicago Style.

Read more: Academic Integrity and Cheating Scandal | Annotated Bibliography Examples

Cover Page in Chicago Style

Spacing. Use double-space throughout your paper.

Indentation. Every new paragraph should be indented — press TAB to indent your text.

Citation. There are two main ways of citing your sources: footnote format & endnote format. Some scholars call footnote format Chicago Style 16A, while endnote format is called Chicago Style 16B. Schematically, here is what the Chicago Style looks like.

Footnotes/Endnotes or Author-Date system? How to Choose the Right Format?

The short answer would be: refer to your assignment requirements. If you have no access to them or there is no specific requirement, use the following information to determine correct formatting.

Footnote/ Endnote style is mostly preferred in such branches of science as literature, history, and arts. So, if it applies to you, choose that option.

The author-date style is used in the social sciences, so if you study things like economics, history, law, linguistics, psychology, sociology, international relations, anthropology, communication, education, culture, and other socially-oriented disciplines, the endnote style is the right one for you.

Footnote/Endnote Style

Footnote/Endnote style requires the use of superscript numbers following the quote or the information taken from a given book/journal. Footnotes/Endnotes are numbered consecutively, and their listing on the bibliography page is not necessarily alphabetical – instead, they are numbered in order of appearance. Every superscript number must have corresponding information about the author & the publication in the footnote section or the bibliography page.

Footnotes VS Endnotes

There is a significant difference between footnotes and endnotes. Footnotes include information about bibliography at the end of the page (at the footer), while the endnote style puts that information at the very end of your paper, in the bibliography section. This fact explains the origin of their names: footnotes come at the foot of the page, while endnotes are placed at its end.

Author/Date Style

This style is often called the ‘bibliography style’ or ‘Chicago Style 16B’. It is very similar to APA or MLA style formatting in terms of the form. This style requires authors` citation according to the last name, including the year of publication in parentheses.

The author style doesn’t require numbering of your sources. In contrast, all of your books, journals, articles should be listed in alphabetical order on a separate page called ‘bibliography’ or ‘references’. Every entry should start with a new line and have a ‘hanging line’ protruding into the margin by 1 inch.

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